Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Inadequate government support blamed for plight of Philippine higher education

The combined research output of the top ten Philippine higher education institutions (HEIs) at 11,528 will not even come close to the output of the National University of Singapore with 100,893. “That’s just one university in the city-state,” according to Dr. Tereso S. Tullao Jr.

Dr. Tereso S. Tullao Jr. explaining the role of education in the development process.
A National Book winner and economics professor at the De La Salle University Manila, Tullao was speaking before stakeholders gathered at one of the parallel workshops on the second day of the Philippine Education Summit 2016.

Tullao shocking the audience with data and reminding them not to be complacent.
Tullao added that while he is happy to know that his alma mater, the University of the Philippines Diliman, leads the pack with 3,060 when it comes to the research productivity of HEIs in the country; and that DLSU Manila follows UP Diliman with 2,056, he is also confronted with the sad plight of Philippine HEIs in comparison to its neighbors.

CHED executive director Atty. Julito D. Vitriolo (foreground, right) listens to Dr. Tullao.

University heads, scientists, former and current higher education officers were some of the participants at Workshop 8: Higher Education as Accelarator of Innovation and Inclusive Economic Prosperity held at the Taft Ballroom 2 of Conrad Hotel, Mall of Asia Complex, Pasay City on November 4, 2016.

The participants were divided into three groups. Group 1: Dr. Tullao shares a point with Atty. Vitriolo and UP president Dr. Alfredo E. Pascual

Group 1: University of the East president Dr. Ester A. Garcia shares her thoughts.
Along with 500 delegates, FILCOLS executive director Alvin J. Buenaventura was one of the stakeholders invited to the two-day education summit. He is the only representative of the book industry in Workshop 8.

The other HEIs with their corresponding research outputs are UP Los Baños with1,923, UP Manila with 1,837, Ateneo de Manila University with 839, University of Santo Tomas with 686, University of San Carlos with 378, Mindanao State University with 319, Mapua Institute of Technology with 215, and Visayas State University with 215.

Group 2: Representatives from Australian Aid and university heads of research.

Group 2: Main ideas were discussed, defended, and some were discarded.

Citing Scopus as the largest and reliable source of data on the research output of universities around the world, Tullao prodded the audience to crack their heads and contribute to the Philippine Development Plan. The suggestions are not merely for the Duterte administration but should be for the long term, even for the next administrations.

Group 3: (left) Former secretary of the Department of Science and Technology and current president of the National Academy of Science and Technology Dr. William G. Padolina led the group discussions.

Group 3: Ideas were written on blue strips of paper and arranged on the floor.

The Singaporean government’s support to their HEIs contribute greatly to their performance in terms of research output, recruitment of top faculty from around the world, scholarships for local and international students, and high-end equipment and facilities.

Established in 2007, Nanyang Technological University is ranked 13th globally and produced 66,647 research output next to NUS. Singapore Management University, only a 16 year old-institution, produced 3,495 which is higher than UP Diliman’s output.

In terms of budget, the University of the Philippines received PHP 11 B (USD 224 M) for 2016. While the budget for all Philippine state universities and colleges (SUCs) was PHP 47 B (USD 959 M), these pale in comparison with the budget for the National University of Singapore at PHP 42 B (USD 868 M) and the Nanyang Technological University at PHP 29 B (USD 610 M). 

Dr. Napoleon K. Juanillo Jr., in his description of the workshop as its moderator, highlighted the importance of higher education as one of the major drivers of economic competitiveness. He is the director for the Office of Planning, Research & Knowledge Management at the Commission on Higher Education (CHED).

Juanillo said “due to the remarkable speed and dynamism in the knowledge-driven global economy…CHED shall advocate for purposive investments that steer career interest towards science, technology, engineering, agri-fisheries, and mathematics which are the building blocks of the knowledge economy.”

In her opening remarks, CHED chair Dr. Patricia B. Licuanan said that the commission views its role as setting the agenda, strategies, and facilities to strengthen the so-called “triple helix” of government, academe, and industry as growth accelerators.

The Philippine Education Summit 2016 was jointly convened by the country’s top education agencies: Department of Education (DepEd) which handles basic education and alternative learning systems (ALS), CHED which handles HEIs including SUCs, and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) which handles technical-vocational (tech-voc) education. Main support was provided by the Australian Aid.

Text and photos by Alvin J. Buenaventura. This may be re-posted as long as the author is acknowledged.

Friday, November 11, 2016

Ayala Foundation, FILCOLS celebrate Philippine Book Development Month 2016

The Filipinas Copyright Licensing Society, Inc. (FILCOLS) and Ayala Foundation will celebrate Philippine Book Development Month 2016 with a simple event from 1 to 4 p.m. on Friday, 25 November at the Ground Floor Lobby, Ayala Museum, Makati City.

“FILCOLS Distribution for Rightsholders and Partnership with Ayala Foundation” will signal the start of distribution of remuneration for authors, heirs of authors, and publishers. The bulk of the license fees collected by FILCOLS were from the Department of Education (DepEd) for the re-use of Filipino works in the learning resources for Grades 2, 3, 8, and 9. 

Recognizing the need to support Filipino authors and other copyright owners, Ayala Foundation, a revered name among corporate foundations, will sign a licensing agreement with FILCOLS for the secondary use of works through mass digital and photocopying inside the Filipinas Heritage Library and the Ayala Museum. A small license fee will be paid on a two-year period which will then be distributed to righstholders after deducting FILCOLS’s administration costs.

Established in 1961 and renamed in 1990, Ayala Foundation is the social development arm of the Ayala Corporation. Committed to improve the lives of Filipinos, Ayala Foundation embarked on innovative programs for education, leadership, livelihood, arts, and culture.

FILCOLS is the government accredited collective management organization (CMO) in the text and image sector. FILCOLS supports the publishing industry by licensing the secondary use of copyrighted works for mass uses inside institutions.

Aside from the license fees collected from DepEd, FILCOLS will also distribute remuneration it received from its sister societies abroad. Australia’s Copyright Agency-Viscopy and the Copyright Licensing and Administration Society of Singapore (CLASS) remitted to FILCOLS, on various dates, remuneration for Filipino works used by their licensees. 

Under Australian and Singaporean copyright law, institutions must pay license fees for the re-use, through large-scale digital and photocopying, of books, journals, newspapers, and websites. Under these institutions are schools, universities, technical vocational (tech-voc) or polytechnic, businesses, government, and other organizations.

FILCOLS was established in 2008 by the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines, National Book Development Board, Book Development Association of the Philippines, and the Unyon ng mga Manunulat sa Pilipinas. Its founding chair was National Artist for Literature Virgilio S. Almario.

FILCOLS is currently headed by its chair Dr. Jose Y. Dalisay, Jr. Other Trustees are Ricky Lee, Karina Bolasco, Beverly Siy, Dr. Rebecca Anonuevo, Dr. John Jack Wigley, Marne Kilates, and Jose Paolo Sibal.

Text and photos by Alvin J. Buenaventura. This may be re-posted as long as the author is acknowledged.

Thursday, November 10, 2016

More than 58 percent of car parts bought online are fake, says UK expert

Kick-off activity at the start of the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Week: 6th Philippine Anti-Counterfeiting and Piracy Summit at the EDSA Shangri-La Hotel, Mandaluyong City. (Photo by AJB)

Substandard car parts contribute to accidents and loss of lives in the United Kingdom as David Lowe revealed that 58% of materials bought online are fake. 

The counterfeit car parts cost the UK automotive industry GBP 28 billion (PHP 1.6 trillion). The cost does not include the loss of lives and damages as a result of use of defective car parts.

David Lowe is the head of the Intellectual Property (IP) Enforcement Capacity and Delivery of the UK Intellectual Property Office. He is one of the resource persons invited by the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL) to grace its IPR Week celebrations which started with the 6th Philippine Anti-Counterfeiting and Piracy Summit at the EDSA Shangri-La Hotel, Mandaluyong City on October 24, 2016.

Lowe added that the UK publishing industry also suffered as more than 100 million magazines were illegally downloaded in 2014. 

With the summit’s theme “Advocating IPR Protection and Enforcement in Governance,” IPOPHL Director General Josephine R. Santiago reported on the gains, challenges, and plans for IPR in the Philippines.

Director General Santiago highlighted the 4% growth in the filing of IP cases from 526 (2013) to 643 (2015). She also noted the 2% growth in resolved cases from 510 (2013) to 551 (2015).

The detailed IPR Action Plan 2017-2022 was presented by IPOPHL Deputy Director General Allan B. Gepty. He pointed on the need to intensify IP education in the country.

Gepty explained that aside from the IPOPHL-backed Young IP Advocates (YIPA), the agency will spearhead the expansion of IP advocates in schools and universities. These students will be included in the regular trainings and seminars on IP.

He mentioned that a policy must be made to require schools and universities to include IPR education and awareness in their curricula. The policy must be crafted by the Department of Education (DepEd) which oversees basic education and the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for colleges and universities.

Director Carmen G. Peralta of IPOPHL’s Documentation, Information and Technology Transfer Bureau presented the highlights of the 4th IP Youth Camp held in Davao City. 

To date, YIPA has inducted 85 secondary school students in its membership. The total network of schools nationwide is 27. 

Delegates from various public and private sector organizations. (l-r) two officials from the Bureau of Customs, Civil Service Commission director Ariel Villanueva and companion, Alvin J. Buenaventura, Ranielle S. Espiridion, and four officials from the Quezon City Hall. (Photo by IPOPHL staff).
In support of the IPOPHL’s IPR Week celebrations, the Filipinas Copyright Licensing Society, Inc. (FILCOLS) Executive Director Alvin J. Buenaventura and Staff Ranielle S. Espiridion participated as delegates to the summit.

FILCOLS is the second collective management organization (CMO) accredited by the IPOPHL in 2014. The accreditation of CMOs was included in the amendments (RA 10372) to the IP Code which was enacted by then President Benigno S. Aquino in 2013.

 Text by Alvin J. Buenaventura. Photos by Alvin J. Buenaventura and IPOPHL staff Richmond A. De Leon. This may be re-posted as long as the authors are acknowledged.

Friday, October 14, 2016

DepEd seminar on the development of Grades 2 and 8 learning resources

In a move to equip publishers with better understanding of copyright, the Philippines' Department of Education recently conducted a two-day orientation-seminar at the DepEd headquarters in Pasig City.

Alvin J. Buenaventura discussed "Secondary Use of Copyrighted Works from the Internet" before officers of the education department and 52 representatives from 28 publishing houses.

Buenaventura before DepEd officials and private sector publishers. (Photo by DepEd staff).

Buenaventura is the Executive Director of the the Filipinas Copyright Licensing Society, Inc., the collective management organization in the text and image sector operating in the Philippines. FILCOLS licenses the re-use of copyrighted printed materials of its member-authors and publishers.

Due to the urgent need to provide learning materials for the government's then new K to 12 program, the DepEd signed a license agreement with FILCOLS in 2013 so it can include poems, stories, comics, and other works for the Grade 1 and 7 Teachers' Guides and Learners' Materials.

Buenaventura explained how a CMO like FILCOLS operates. And provided a picture of how other CMOs cooperate through the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organizations (IFRRO), the world's umbrella organization for CMOs, authors' and publishers' associations.

Buenaventura emphasized the need to respect the rights of authors. (Photo by DepEd staf).
He also stressed that the default mode of every one when it comes to works on the internet is that they have copyright. Texts, images, and music found online should be respected and not just used without asking permission from the copyright owner.

Unless the website expressly states that their content may be used freely, everyone should remember that copyright extends online.

Atty. Louie Andrew Calvario of the Intellectual Property Office of the Phiippines (IPOPHL) discussed "Copyright Issues and Concerns" prior to Buenaventura's presentation.

The event was organized by the Bureau of Learning Resources led by Dr. Edel B. Carag and Dr. Dina S. Ocampo, DepEd's undersecretary for curriculum and instruction.

The seminar mainly aims to help publishing houses get a clear picture of the "standards, specifications, evaluation and procurement procedures" of the DepEd to help them produce learning resources for the public schools.

Click here to view the Program of Activities

Thursday, August 14, 2014

Int’l meet to make book thieves think twice

Book thieves, such as those photocopying and scanning whole textbooks and selling them as “book alikes,” may have to think twice about their lucrative business in and around educational institutions.

“Copy & Repro,” an international conference on intellectual property policies and copyright licensing for schools and universities at the 35th Manila International Book Fair (MIBF), will gather international and local experts to discuss the implications of Republic Act 10372 on book piracy and the mandatory crafting of intellectual property (IP) policies for schools and universities.

A whole-day special event at MIBF, “Copy & Repro” is organized by Filipinas Copyright Licensing Society (FILCOLS) and will be held on September 19 at the Function Room 2, SMX Convention Center, Mall of Asia Complex in Pasay City.

FILCOLS’ partner organizations for the event are Intellectual Property (IP) Philippines, the National Book Development Board (NBDB), Book Development Association of the Philippines (BDAP), and the Brussels-based International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organizations (IFRRO).

IP Philippines director general Ricardo R. Blancaflor will deliver the keynote address, “Keeping the Philippines Off the USTR’s Watch List.”

The Intellectual Property Office (IP Philippines), under director general Blancaflor, and the National Committee on IPR (NCIPR), were instrumental in removing the Philippines from the United States Trade Representative (USTR) Special 301 Watch List this year. The country has been on the watch list for the past 20 years.

Book piracy, online and offline, and including the making of “book alikes,” is still rampant in the Philippines and was one of the reasons why the country was included in the US watch list. The Philippines’ removal in the watch list does not mean it has eradicated book piracy. IP Philippines and its partners in government and in the private sector must continue to set-up effective mechanisms to protect IPRs including combatting book piracy.

Prospective participants are requested to register early because of limited slots. Deadline for registration is on September 5, 2014.

Conference fees cover morning and afternoon snacks, lunch, certificate of participation, and conference kit. Regular rate is PHP 1,500.00. Discounted rate is PHP 1,200.00 for SUCs and for groups of three (3) or more participants from the same institution.

For more details and to know how to register, please visit or call Ms. Ran Espiridion at telefax (632) 439-2204 or email